Sea trout - habitats, bait and fishing methods. 80 photos of fish and video description of its catch

Trout is a name that summarizes several forms and species of fish of the salmon family. It belongs to the valuable commercial species and is an object of increased interest from fans of sport fishing and ordinary fishing enthusiasts. Trout fishing is a rather difficult process that requires certain skills and experience.
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Live trout

Trout is a trophy specimen that every fisherman dreams of getting. The fish is very beautiful and capricious. It belongs to the salmon family.

On the body of the trout you can find multi-colored specks that distinguish it from other members of the family. The fish looks very massive and seems tightly knit, but this is only at first glance.

Recently, more and more private fish farms have begun to pay attention to this individual. They began to breed it in artificial reservoirs. The capricious fish takes a long time to get used to artificial conditions, but with proper care it can reach large sizes and gain the required body weight.

When looking at a trout, its body may seem disproportionate. The body is slightly compressed, but the scales are located evenly. The muzzle is slightly blunt and seems very small. The predator has sharp and massive teeth. They are located in the bottom row. There are only 4 teeth in the upper jaw, but they are irregular.

Trout is an expensive fish. It is not available in all stores. But, recently, it has become fashionable to catch it in artificial ponds. The price per kilogram is no more than $10 (depending on the type). Live trout for stocking your pond can be viewed on the page - Live trout with prices.

Trout varieties

Types of trout:

  • Rainbow. Scientists classify this type of trout as freshwater. Her body is long, and in weight she is slightly inferior to her stream sister - only 5-7 kilograms. The scales are small. It also differs from its counterparts in color - there is a bright pink stripe on the abdomen.
  • Ruchevaya. Trout of this species can grow up to 50 centimeters and reach 13 kilograms. This is probably the largest species of the family. It is also distinguished by its body structure. It is elongated and covered with small scales. The fins are large. There are a lot of teeth, they are very small, but quite sharp. The head is strongly flattened. Color: the back is reddish-brown, the sides and belly are silvery. Some individuals have small black spots.
  • Ozernaya. The predator lives no more than 13 years and during this time it can grow up to 55 centimeters in length and gain up to 2 kilograms. In artificial ponds, fish can gain up to 8 kilograms. The species is not very different from the brook in color.

Use in cooking

Sea trout fish has very tasty meat of a delicate reddish hue. It is in great demand among chefs due to a number of beneficial properties. It has a special smell, somewhat reminiscent of cucumber.

In contrast to the aroma, the taste of the fillet is sweetish with hints of salty.

  • As a rule, it is fried, pickled, stewed and boiled.
  • The option where the fish can be served raw is not excluded.
  • For example, with the addition of the most tender fillet, excellent sashimi is obtained.
  • With different cooking methods, it has different calorie content.
  • Nutritional value can range from 30 kcal to 225 kcal per 100 g.


Based on their habitat, sea trout and river trout can be distinguished. They differ in the size and color of the meat.

The sea predator is much larger, and its meat is dark red. It is found mainly off the coast of North America in the Pacific Ocean.

The river specimen prefers to live in mountain rivers, in clean and cool water. That is why this fish can be found in Norway and other mountainous countries. It is also found in lakes.

It lives mainly at the mouths of rivers and closer to rapids. You can also see it near bridges. In mountain rivers it settles near pools, but quickly leaves its habitat.

For this fish it is important that the bottom is rocky. If the fish begins to sense danger, it hides behind large rocks and snags.

In regions with hot summers, it prefers to migrate to areas with cold springs and springs.


Living in close family proximity makes it difficult to determine their affiliation and causes confusion and controversy among scientists.

Read here Rudd - recommendations on fishing techniques, tips on choosing bait and places for fishing

Trout swims in many places, but more often it ends up on the table in those houses that are located closer to its location. And there are quite a few such places.

Found in North America, along the Pacific Ocean and in the North Atlantic. Closer to the shores of the White, Barents, Baltic. And also Northern and Norwegian, to the coast of Pechora. It goes along the White Sea and Barents Sea coasts to the Czech Bay.

According to some data, marine classes can be found within the Black and Caspian Seas. Precisely wild ones, not artificially grown ones.

Trout breeding

Trout, during spawning, behaves very interestingly, like all representatives of the salmon family. Rarely, but during this period, fish can be seen near the shore or on the surface of the reservoir. It rises briefly and behaves very actively: it moves quickly through the water and splashes heavily.

Trout conduct mating games on the surface of the reservoir. After their completion, the young animals return to their usual life and sink to the bottom or return to their native reservoir. The other part will remain here until the period of spawning.

Trout are not prolific. A female can be considered mature only in the third year of life. The larvae appear only in early spring. At first, they are completely motionless and feed on the food that is in the bag. Only after 40 days do they begin to move a little, and then leave their shelter.

The trout immediately shows their predatory nature and immediately begins to feed on small insect larvae. In the first 2-3 months, the larvae grow very quickly, then their growth slows down a little. In a year, the fish grows up to 15 centimeters. The growth rate is affected by the water in the reservoir and its size. For example, in a large lake they have more food than in a small body of water. You won’t find huge trout in small rivers; they grow no more than 20 centimeters in length.


Trout is a predator. At the beginning of life, juveniles actively use plankton for food. The diet of adult fish is very diverse; it eats:

  • small fish;
  • crustaceans;
  • small benthic invertebrates;
  • larvae of semi-aquatic insects;
  • beetles, grasshoppers, butterflies, and other insects falling into the water;
  • frogs;
  • small mammals swimming across a body of water;
  • plant foods.

Bread, dough, and canned corn are often used as bait on paid ponds to catch cunning, resourceful and cautious trout.

Growing trout in artificial reservoirs

Breeding trout is not that easy. And, if you paid attention to this particular species, then be prepared for difficulties. But all your efforts will definitely pay off when your young animals grow up.

Trout needs a large body of water, and if you don’t have one on your property, then choose something else. Water quality also affects the breeding of this species. In dirty, muddy water, without enough oxygen, the trout will simply die.

In seawater, trout grow very quickly and reach their maximum size in a short period. But in fresh water, the fish will not be able to develop normally and over a certain period will only grow to medium size.

Remember, in the reservoir where the trout will live, the water must be clean and cold. Never add chlorine to water, it has a detrimental effect on the health of individuals and leads to death.

Experts advise breeding trout in cages and feeding them from a special frame that is attached to the shore. Cages can be placed in any body of water, both in a lake and in a river. No more than 1000 individuals are released into the reservoir.

Individuals do not reproduce in artificial ponds. To do this, a special broodstock is released into the reservoir, which lays eggs.

Trout prefers natural food. It is advisable to keep the fry separately so that the adults do not eat them.

You can purchase fry, fingerlings and adults in specialized stores or online stores. Trout is a fish that will always be in price. The cost of meat is growing every day and if you decide to breed this particular species, then be sure that you will not go wrong.

Interesting facts about the aquatic predator

  1. Trout cannot tolerate heat at all and at high temperatures simply falls into a coma. During this period, you can catch her with your bare hands, and she will not resist.
  2. Adult trout eat fry of their own species and not only in a hungry year.
  3. In salt water, trout grow much faster and gain the required weight in the shortest possible time.
  4. During the spawning period, trout are not afraid of anything at all. It can be seen next to boats and near the shore.
  5. Trout is a red meat fish that belongs to the salmon family.
  6. Trout can reach speeds of up to 18 kilometers per hour.
  7. Trout is not at all resistant to toxins. As soon as something poisonous appears in the water, these fish die instantly.
  8. Several large species and about 20 subspecies of salmon are united under the general name “Trout”.
  9. Trout, which lives in Japan in Lake Biwa, is considered to be an exotic species.
  10. Each species lives a specific life cycle. For example, sea trout, which lives in salt water, is considered the most durable. She is growing quickly and gaining a lot of body weight.
  11. In Norway, trout are first raised in the sea and only after they reach the required weight and grow to a certain size are they transferred to artificial ponds.
  12. Trout is very voracious. She can eat half her body weight in a day.
  13. Adults do not like to live in a flock. They guard their territory and hunt alone.
  14. Trout do not like the full moon. On a clear night, when the moon is shining brightly, she does not leave the shelter and does not hunt.

What is healthier: salmon or trout?

In terms of fat content, trout is classified as a dietary fish; it contains approximately one and a half times fewer calories than salmon. People watching their own weight should take a closer look at this fish. Despite the high fat content of salmon, its meat is rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids, in particular Omega-3. As you know, Omega-3 is a rather rare substance that our body cannot synthesize on its own.

On a note! Salmon dishes are very useful for people who have problems with the cardiovascular system, as well as for all older people.

It is impossible to say categorically which fish tastes better, trout or salmon. Here, as they say, there are no comrades according to taste. You just need to try and decide for yourself. Both representatives of salmon are highly valued in cooking and are suitable for preparing almost any fish dish. It is believed that trout has more tender meat and a more subtle, refined taste than salmon. But after freezing, it can easily lose these properties. It is better to buy it chilled or fresh.

One of the advantages of salmon is its large bones, which are easily removed from the meat.

Species and subspecies

  • Rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss
  • Brook trout
  • Genus Salmo
  • Adriatic trout - Salmo obtusirostris
  • Brook, lake trout or brown trout - Salmo trutta (several subspecies)
  • Turkish flathead trout - Salmo platycephalus
  • Marbled trout - Salmo trutta marmoratus
  • Amudarya trout - Salmo trutta oxianus
  • Summer trout - Salmo letnica
  • Sevan trout – Salmo ischchan
  • Genus Oncorhynchus
  • Arizona trout - Oncorhynchus apache
  • Biwa trout - Oncorhynchus masou rhodurus
  • Clark's salmon - Oncorhynchus clarki
  • Gil trout - Oncorhynchus gilae
  • Golden trout - Oncorhynchus aguabonita
  • Mykizha - Oncorhynchus mykiss
  • Genus Salvelinus (Loaches)
  • Salvelinus fontinalis timagamiensis
  • American palia - Salvelinus fontinalis
  • Bighead loach - Salvelinus confluentus
  • Dolly Varden - Salvelinus malma
  • Lake char (Salvelinus namaycush)
  • Silver loach - Salvelinus fontinalis agassizi
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