A nod for do-it-yourself winter fishing - how and what to make good gear from. 115 photos and video tips from the pros!

Fishing in winter differs from summer: fishing at low temperatures is less tolerated by anglers, the hole quickly becomes covered with a layer of ice, and fish behavior changes depending on the hunting season. Finding fish in winter is difficult: all prey is close to the bottom. For such cases, you can purchase it in a specialized store or use scrap materials to make a nod for a winter fishing rod with your own hands, which can easily cope with this problem.

Why do you need a nod?

The ability to quickly respond to a bite and control the vibrations of the bait are functions of the nod that increase the chances of a catch. The nod signals the fisherman about a bite. In winter, fishing gear experiences harsh weather conditions: materials must be resistant to temperature changes, withstand numerous bends and not deform.

Requirements that the gatehouse must meet:

  • resistance to natural reactions (wind, snow, humidity);
  • high wear resistance (to minimize replacement frequency);
  • low cost;
  • availability of materials for installation;
  • the ability to monitor bait wiring.

Making a nod for a winter fishing rod that will suit individual fishing conditions, the size of the prey, and the nature of the bait is not difficult. It is enough to stock up on the necessary materials and show imagination and dexterity.

How to choose in the store?

When choosing a nod in a store, pay attention to the following features:

  • Test. On most nods, manufacturers indicate what weight jigs the nod should be used with.
  • The quality of the nod. The edges of the nod and the holes should not have burrs.
  • Reliability of the holder. The nod should not fly off the fishing rod when it is thrown onto the ice.

Choosing a nod for a winter fishing rod

To choose the right winter fishing rod, you need to decide on the bait and type of fishing. A specific signaling device is suitable for each bait. The rigidity of the guard depends on the material used, thickness and length.

The design of the nod includes three components:

  • the basis is a thread of lavsan, etc.;
  • the rubber washer is the attachment point to the whip;
  • The role of a signaling device is performed by a strip of paint.

Balancing and equipment

A counterweight is placed on the short lever. Its mass depends on the length of the arms and is selected experimentally. It is not recommended to use a counterweight that is too heavy on a very short lever. A lighter sinker on a long lever is better (but still this arm is shorter than the main one). The sinker is selected and installed so that with some effort it can be moved along the axis to adjust the balance.

A limiter is mounted at the end of the arrow to prevent the load from jumping off the lever. Rings or silicone cambrics are attached to the working part of the arrow to allow the fishing line to pass through. You can color it for better visibility against the background of ice.

How to set up Shcherbakov's nod? Everything is very simple - the counterweight moves along its lever to a position in which the jig outweighs. When it rises from the bottom, the counterweight pulls the lever down and raises the nod. Therefore, a longer counterweight lever with a light weight compensator is more convenient - a larger stroke for adjustment is possible.

Materials for making nods

Nods made of steel plate are the most popular type of alarms used by fishermen. At the end of such equipment there are cambrics. One of the positive properties that a nod made from this material has is the ability to adjust to fit the weight of the bait and withstand the wind. The disadvantages include the lack of adjustment of jig vibration and low service life.

Lavsan nods are made of polymer material, which is thin and durable even when exposed to low temperatures. They are very sensitive, reacting to the slightest touch of fish on the bait. They are not able to withstand heavy weight due to their small thickness, so they are not suitable for lure fishing.

Boar bristle nods are not particularly popular among fishermen, but at shallow depths or in still water this type of nod is most suitable. They have excellent resistance to strong winds due to the light of a small cross-section, but in severe frosts they quickly become unusable.

Nipple rubber nods are used extremely rarely due to the material they are made of: in the cold it loses its elasticity and freezes when it gets wet.

In addition, wiring with a rubber nipple nod gives poor results and resembles shaking rather than playing. They are used in cases where a more suitable signaling device is not at hand.

Carbon fiber nods are made from material intended for the production of float rods and have earned the trust of fans of reelless fishing. They resist the wind perfectly and accurately indicate bites. Disadvantages include fragility, but manufacturing technologies are developing, and the future lies with this type of nod.

Cambric or holes?

All nods are also divided into two groups according to the method of equipment. In the first group, a small hole is made in the plate into which the fishing line is threaded during installation. In the second, the fishing line is passed through a special cambric installed at the tip of the nod. Let's look at the pros and cons of these options.

Among fans of jigs with attachments, there is a widespread opinion that it is better to use nods with a hole for the fishing line.

The arguments in favor of such a design are as follows:

  • Ease of manufacture;
  • Relief;
  • Smallest residual fluctuations.

This seems to be where the positives end. The disadvantages include the following:

  • The hole for passing the fishing line implies the presence of a minimum plate width. When the width of the plate is less than 3 centimeters, there is simply no room left for drilling a hole of sufficient diameter. A wide nod inevitably becomes lame and afraid of the wind.
  • Small holes often become icy in the cold when reeling in and unwinding the fishing line. All this wastes time, and sometimes, in the cold, it makes you pretty nervous.

Nods for winter fishing, without a hole at the end, but equipped with cambrics, do not have such disadvantages. Although the tip with a cambric is always a little overloaded, this design sometimes plays into the hands of the angler.

Read DIY fishing rod case

A guard with a cambric or ring at the end helps to make high-frequency playing. Swinging by inertia, it makes the animation of the bait more stable and puts less strain on the hand. The line catches less often, which naturally adds comfort while fishing.

Making such a gatehouse is somewhat more difficult than the one with a simple hole. But with a certain skill, this difference becomes unnoticeable.

Nod form

Most gatehouses are made from cone-shaped plates. This is necessary in order to transfer the mass of the jig closer to the tip. The more pronounced the taper of the nod, the higher the oscillation frequency of the bait can be set. Short guards with a pronounced taper are best used for baitless fishing for winter perch fishing. This fish is very partial to the frequent flickering of shiny bait.

A long, thin nod with a slight narrowing makes the animation of the jig smooth and amplitude. Such a game will be more liked by “white fish” such as bream or roach.

When working with small bait weights (up to 0.5 g), the taper of the guard is not particularly important. If fishing is carried out with a heavy devil or goat, taper becomes necessary for proper play.


There are many sizes, shapes, devices and options for equipping gear, as well as the preferences of anglers. Homemade nods beat factory models in most cases. This may be due to more precise customization during manufacturing.

Only one statement remains unchanged. No matter how professionally they are made, the fisherman still holds the fishing rod. An experienced fisherman without bait will catch fish with almost any nodding tackle. Just good tackle will significantly speed up this process and make it more enjoyable.

DIY nod for winter fishing

Fans of fishing in winter consider making nods as a hobby and a desire to create a multifunctional signaling device for themselves.

There are many ways to assemble a winter fishing rod with a nod, however, each self-made guard will have its own characteristics, advantages and disadvantages of use.

Classic methods used by fishermen:
  • nod made from a clock spring;
  • nod from X-ray film;
  • nod made of lavsan;
  • Shcherbakov signaling device;
  • from a coiled spring;
  • nod "cracker"
  • nod "snot"


Speaking about homemade gatehouses, we cannot help but talk about homemade holders for them. The most popular of them are the designs:

  • from cambrics;
  • from high-voltage automotive wire;
  • made of double insulated wire.

Cambric nod holder design

The easiest way is to make a holder for large and small diameter cambrics; it is used in jig fishing rods:

  1. We insert the plastic nod into the larger cambric and put it on the whip.
  2. We glue a small one to the large cambric to allow the fishing line to pass through.

Making a nod holder from high voltage automotive wire

A high-voltage automotive wire consists of two layers of insulation and a metal core; a do-it-yourself holder is made from it like this:

Cut a piece of wire 5-7 millimeters long. Use an awl to push out the metal core. Using a needle or a sharp blade, carefully push the layers of insulation apart and insert a nod plate between them. We put the holder on the whip. We pass the fishing line in the same place as the guard plate, or glue a miniature cambric on top.

Making a nod holder from double insulated wire

And this is how they make a holder from a two-core wire:

  1. Cut off the end of the wire at 5-8 millimeters.
  2. We pull out one wire with insulation, the second from the insulation.
  3. It turned out two holes: large and small.
  4. Through the large hole we put the holder on the whip, and in the small hole we insert a nod and pass the fishing line.

Installation of equipment

When installing a winter fishing rod with a nod, you need to arm yourself with scissors, pliers, and fishing line.

  • Step 1. Having measured the fishing line to the required length, we begin to wind it onto the reel.
  • Step 2. Attach the cambric to the fishing line or pass it through the fastening ring at the tip.
  • Step 3. We thread the line into the float, and proceed to the stage of loading the float. First, we attach the main weight to achieve zero buoyancy; at the bottom we place a small weight that submerges the float.
  • Step 4. Attach a hook below the small weight at a distance of 7 cm.


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The nod for winter fishing made of plastic materials is by far the most popular. Due to the variety of different lavsan, polyethylene and other x-ray films and one and a half bottles, guards can be made to fit any fishing rod.

We will consider the manufacture of two types of gatehouses:

  • simple conical;
  • with springs.

Here's what you need to do to make a simple plastic nod:

  1. Cut a cone-shaped strip from a piece of plastic: lavsan or x-ray film.
  2. At the narrow end of the strip, punch a hole for the fishing line with a blunt needle. To do this, some craftsmen glue a tiny piece of cambric to the tip of the plate.
  3. We insert the record into the holder and get a ready-made nod.

Components of a spring nod

It is much more difficult with a spring gate, which is used in a non-reel game to create different game options.

  1. Cut a long conical plate from a piece of film. Its rear end should be 8-10 millimeters wide.
  2. We bend the wide part of the plate in the form of a tray.
  3. We insert two more plastic plates into the tray, one 2/3 the length of the first, the second 1/2.
  4. We fasten all three plates with two or three cambrics.

Now the nod looks like a triple plate, which loses one plane at a time towards the narrow end.

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